Inflation Analysis:  CPI inflation at 2.37% below expected in July, but may rises to 90% soon

CPI inflation at 2.37% comes well below market expectations in July, but rises further to 79.6% in YoY terms


TurkStat revealed July CPI inflation at 2.37%, below median market expectations of 3.0% and 3.2%, and our 3.5% estimate. With this result, YoY CPI inflation increased further to 79.6% from 78.6% (36.1% at end-2021). Core CPI inflation (group C) was 2.9% MoM, slightly below the 3.0% median expectation and our 3.2% estimate, bringing the YoY core inflation to 61.7% from last month’s 57.3%. Meanwhile, D-PPI inflation was 5.17% MoM, leading to a further rise in YoY terms to 144.6% from 138.3% (79.9% at end-2021).

Why Erdogan Will Never Win Another Election?


Food inflation came well below our projection, which explains the deviation in our estimate

The deviation in our headline CPI inflation expectation mainly stems from food inflation, which at 3.2% turned out to be well below our projection of roughly 7%, and to a lesser extent from services inflation, which was 3.2% vs. our 3.8% estimate. In fact, we have been witnessing significant hikes in fruit-vegetable prices over the past few weeks, which along with the ongoing hikes in processed food prices is likely to keep August food inflation at a significantly high level as well. We expect YoY food inflation, which has risen to 94.6% in July from June’s 93.9%, to exceed 100% within a few months’ time.



Erdogan’s Lethal Economic Legacy


Meanwhile, energy inflation was -3.2%, broadly as expected, as a result of the cuts in gasoline and diesel prices, which would also favourably impact August inflation.

Yet, we are likely to witness further hikes in electricity and natural gas in 4Q, making a material contribution to inflation. CPI inflation may soon test 90%-ish levels. We expect the rising trend in CPI inflation to linger (at least) until October/November and test levels close to 90%. This is due to the ongoing secondary effects of food and energy inflation, and the ongoing cost-based pressures, as particularly suggested by the TL’s depreciation and the D-PPI inflation, which increased to 144% YoY (and is likely to rise further). In our base case scenario, we assume Brent oil price at USD95/bbl and the USD/TL rate at 18.75 at end-2022, as the rise in the currency is constrained via the issuance of an inflation-protected debt instrument (or a product alike).

Under such an outlook, we would expect end-2022 CPI inflation at around 71.5% after reaching 85-90% levels by October/November.


Mind the worse-case scenario

Yet, we should note that the formation of an exchange rate-inflation-wage spiral, apart from the uncertainty of energy prices, may actually pose additional inflationary pressure and lead to a higher plateau. In another scenario, where Brent oil price and USD/TL rate rise to USD115/bbl and 20.25 at end-2022, we would expect CPI inflation to test 95-100% levels by October/November before ending the year at about 82%. Recall that the CBRT at end-July had revised its end-2022 CPI inflation estimate by 17.6% points to 60.4% from 42.8% in April and 23.2% in January.


Serkan Gonencler, Gedik Invest


Follow our  English language YouTube videos  @ REAL TURKEY:


And content at Twitter: @AtillaEng

Facebook:  Real Turkey Channel:


Published By: Atilla Yeşilada

GlobalSource Partners’ Turkey Country Analyst Atilla Yesilada is the country’s leading political analyst and commentator. He is known throughout the finance and political science world for his thorough and outspoken coverage of Turkey’s political and financial developments. In addition to his extensive writing schedule, he is often called upon to provide his political expertise on major radio and television channels. Based in Istanbul, Atilla is co-founder of the information platform Istanbul Analytics and is one of GlobalSource’s local partners in Turkey. In addition to his consulting work and speaking engagements throughout the US, Europe and the Middle East, he writes regular columns for Turkey’s leading financial websites VATAN and and has contributed to the financial daily Referans and the liberal daily Radikal.